The below Sept. 25, 2020 press release is from the American College of Chest Physicians.
Today, on World Lung Day (WLD), the American College of Chest Physicians® (CHEST) is united with members of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) and WLD partner organizations to advocate for respiratory health globally and call for more research to prevent, detect and treat respiratory infections.
The COVID-19 pandemic has made the world aware of how deadly respiratory viruses can be. In reality, respiratory infections have been with us for a very long time and will continue to be a major source of human suffering and death.
Apart from viruses, there are many other sources of respiratory infection that cause much human disease. These include bacteria, fungi and other organisms that may infect the upper airways (nose, sinuses and throat) and/or, more worryingly, the lower airways and lungs (such as bronchitis and or pneumonia).
They can cause lung symptoms such as cough, fast breathing, green sputum and breathlessness, as well as general symptoms such as fever, feeling ill and weight loss. Chest pain while breathing or coughing may also occur.
Respiratory infections impose an immense worldwide health burden:
- Each year, almost 700,000 children die from pneumonia; 80% of deaths are in children under two years and adults above 65 years. Almost all deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- Each year there are 10 million new cases of tuberculosis (TB) and 1.5 million deaths. Deaths from TB occur mostly in children under the age of five and adults between 20-35 years old. Over 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- Viral respiratory infections can occur in epidemics and spread rapidly within communities worldwide, to become global pandemics. COVID-19 is one such viral respiratory infection that has affected more than 25 million people worldwide, and nearly 860,000 have died before the beginning of September 2020. The burden will continue to increase in the near future exponentially.
WLD is an annual lung health awareness day, occurring yearly on September 25. To date, nearly 200 organizations and many more individuals support WLD through lung health advocacy and action. This year, with respiratory health firmly in the spotlight, it is an excellent opportunity to raise awareness of the burden of respiratory infections and call for:
- Health security and prevention of future COVID-19 outbreaks.
- Predictive tests to show who is immune and who will develop disease from novel infections.
- Diagnostic tests to identify and treat those at risk to progress once infected.
- High-quality randomized controlled trials to find the best vaccines and treatments.
- Access to effective, affordable vaccines and treatments for all.
- Education for all on the benefits and safety of the influenza and pneumococcal vaccines, as well as the COVID-19 vaccine once developed.
To learn more about World Lung Day, download the fact sheet, graphics and pledge campaign, World Lung Day Toolkit.
Image above: James Gathany, Wikimedia Commons
Published by Alan Kandel