Earth Day 2021: Transformations

One of Webster’s definitions for the word “transformation” is: “change in form, appearance, nature, or character.”* Two of the most common examples of a so-called “naturally-occurring” transformation are a change in seasons and the other being the transformation of a caterpillar into a butterfly, the first a purely physical change; the second example both a … Read more

By tamping C/CO2 emissions, what is it we hope to achieve?

It could otherwise be called the race to net-zero or net-negative airborne emissions of carbon/carbon dioxide (C/CO2), specifically the part or amount put there by us. The idea behind achieving baseline or below-baseline atmospheric C/CO2 that’s been anthropogenically introduced through fossil fuel-burning activities, experts are telling us, is to restore balance or equilibrium to the … Read more

Amtrak at 50

Train travel – there is nothing else on Earth quite like it! I experienced such beginning at an early age, at either 11 or 12, more than likely 11, traveling on the then Pennsylvania Railroad between my at-the-time hometown of Baltimore, Maryland and New York City in 1964 or 1965, more than likely 1964, to … Read more

Central Valley air: Are you seeing this?

In April, presumably, when the American Lung Association releases its annual “State of the Air” report (the first one issued in 2000), my expectation is that for fine particulate matter pollution (PM 2.5) averaged over 24 hours and PM 2.5 recorded on an annual basis, the major cities in California’s heartland, the expansive, sprawling San … Read more

IQAir and Greenpeace report 2020 air pollution deaths

Jakarta, Indonesia, 18 February – PM2.5 air pollution was behind approximately 160,000 deaths in the world’s five most populous cities in 2020, according to a Greenpeace Southeast Asia analysis of IQAir data from a live Cost Estimator.1,2 While some cities saw small improvements in air quality as a result of COVID-19 lockdowns, the devastating impact of air pollution underscores … Read more

How good is BRT at removing cars from city streets?

So often, the question comes up in cities looking to make improvements in their public transit service offerings and systems regarding what type of service and system is best suited to meet the majority or mass-public need. Services and systems suggested often run the gamut, after which a thorough review and narrowing of selections are … Read more